Gynecomastia in Hyderabad

Gynecomastia (Male Breast) in Hyderabad

Normal male chest does not have prominent nipples. Male Chest may be flat or bulky depending on the bulk of pectoral muscle, but the shape is never conical like that of female breasts. Attractive male chest has pectoral muscle lower and outer border visible. Male nipples are small, usually 2 -3 cm in width.

Gynaecomastia or male breast is a common condition. Enlargement of male breasts happens due to overgrowth of breast glands or due to fat deposit or both. Gynaecomastia is divided into four grades.

Grade one – only nipple enlargement and pointiness: This is seen in men with normal BMI (normal weight), and it is because of enlargement of gland tissue under the nipple Gland excision surgery under local anaesthesia restores the normality of male chest.

Grade two: Gland and fat extend all over the pectoral muscle, covering the outlines of muscle. This is the commonest type of gynaecomastia.

Grade 3: This looks like a well developed female breast, and is difficult to hide even in clothes

Grade 4: This looks like a saggy female breast. It happens in obese men or after massive weight loss or bariatric surgery

Gynaecomastia in the majority of cases is of unknown origin and not associated with any other health issues. There is no medical treatment of gynaecomastia. Exercises and weight loss do not cure gynaecomastia. Surgery is the best option for treatment. Following surgeries are done for different types of gynaecomastia.

Male Breast Reduction “Gynaecomastia” is a Greek word meaning “women-like breasts.” It is a common condition affecting 60-70 percent of males sometime during teenage years. Mostly these breasts are relatively small, regress spontaneously in a couple of years and do not become a cause of concern.

Gynecomastia becomes bothersome when:

1. Male breasts or pointy nipples are showing through clothing.

2. Causing embarrassment in wearing gym wear and swimming trunks or going shirtless

3. Causing psychological trauma.

4. Gynaecomastia can affect slim and athletic men as well as obese men

Male breast reduction (Gynaecomastia) surgery procedure

ProcedureDetail
Anaesthesia:General/Local tumescent
Duration of SurgeryDuration of Surgery
Hospital Stay: Daycare same evening
Hospital Stay:1-2 days
Recovery:Same Dinner night, moderate activity next day, joining back work in 1 week
Walking:Same day
Writing and Computer:Next Day – only as much as you feel comfortable
Shower:Next day
Exercise:Treadmill after two weeks, weights after one month or later
Driving/Work:After one week

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Dr. Priti Shukla has been in practice since 2001 with a primary interest in cosmetic surgery, specifically breast enhancement, body contouring, and non-surgical facial rejuvenation. She is a member of many prestigious associations and is considered the best female cosmetic surgeon in India and a top plastic surgeon in Hyderabad. Today, her client list includes models, actors, homemakers, professionals, and students from around the globe.

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Gynecomastia in Hyderabad

FAQ

AT WHAT AGE IT IS SAFE TO HAVE BREAST AUGMENTATION SURGERY?

It is safe to have Breast Augmentation with Silicon Breast implants after 18 years of age.

ARE SILICON BREAST IMPLANTS SAFE?

Silicon breast implants are made of high-grade silicon polymer which is very compatible with the human body. Silicon breast implants are in use since 1960s and due to constant technological updates latest implants are very safe.

HOW LONG CAN IMPLANT STAY IN MY BODY?

Implants can stay lifelong without causing any problems. Sometimes implants need to be changed after 10-15 years if there is leakage or implant failure.

WHAT IS IMPLANT LEAKAGE?

Silicon gel implants are made of Solid silicon outer shell and are filled with cohesive gel. Due to wear and tear over years thus outer shell may become weak and inner gel may protrude out. Older implants used to have thinner gel, and that leaked around the breast tissue. The modern cohesive gel is like pudding and does not run like liquid. The body forms a capsule around the implant. In the case of leakage, gel stays inside the capsule and can be removed easily without any spread in the breast or body.

DO IMPLANTS HAVE AN EXPIRY DATE? DO THEY NEED TO BE CHANGED AT REGULAR INTERVALS?

No, implants don’t have an expiry date, and they need not be changed if there is no problem. The usual life span of the implant is 10-15 years, but they can last much longer.

WHAT COMPLICATIONS CAN HAPPEN WITH BREAST IMPLANT SURGERY?

Breast implant is a safe procedure, but every surgery carries some risk. Hematoma, Seroma and Infection are some of the problems that can happen after surgery. Further treatment and surgery may be required to correct these complications. The scar can be prominent in some people and may require some treatment. In long term implant, leakage and capsular contracture may happen in some cases.

WHAT IS CAPSULAR CONTRACTURE?

Body naturally forms a protective covering called capsule around the breast implant. Sometimes capsule can become thick and hard making breasts feel firmer than usual. This is called capsular contracture. Capsular contracture can also cause pain and loss of shape. Capsular contracture is treatable by surgery.

HOW BIG CAN MY BREASTS BECOME?

It is safe to not increase the breast size too drastically. The increase of one or two cup sizes is safe. Putting too big an implant may over stretch the skin and breast tissue and can look unnatural. Your doctor will recommend the safe implant size after examining you.

WHAT IS IMPLANT SIZE RIGHT FOR ME?

Implant size depends on a lot of factors. Like your height and weight, existing breast tissue, skin fold thickness on the breast and width of chest. During consultation with Dr Priti Shukla, you can show her pictures of models whose breast size is close to what you expect. The doctor will be able to tell you if that is safe for you.

CAN I BREASTFEED AFTER BREAST IMPLANT SURGERY?

Yes, breast implants do not interfere with breastfeeding, and you can safely do so.

WILL MY BREASTS LOOK AND FEEL NATURAL AFTER IMPLANTS?

Yes, breasts will look and feel very natural if implant of the right size and quality is used.

WHAT IF I DON’T LIKE THE IMPLANTS?

Usually women are very satisfied with breast implants. But if you don’t like implants you can have them removed with a simple surgery.

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Male Breast Reduction

“Gynaecomastia” is a Greek word meaning “women-like breasts.” It is a common condition affecting 60-70 percent of males sometime during teenage years. Mostly these breasts are relatively small, regress spontaneously in a couple of years and do not become a cause of concern.

Gynecomastia becomes bothersome when:

  • Male breasts or pointy nipples are showing through clothing.
  • Causing embarrassment in wearing gym wear and swimming trunks or going shirtless
  • Causing psychological trauma.
  • Gynaecomastia can affect slim and athletic men as well as obese men

Male breast reduction (Gynaecomastia) surgery procedure

Anaesthesia:General/Local tumescent
Duration of Surgery1-2 hour
Hospital Stay:Daycare same evening
Hospital Stay:1-2 days
Recovery: Same Dinner night, moderate activity next day, joining back work in 1 week
Walking:Same day
Writing and Computer:Next Day – only as much as you feel comfortable
Shower:Next day
Exercise:Treadmill after two weeks, weights after one month or later
Driving/Work:After one week

Before & After Gallery

Patient Testimonial

FAQs:

How is Male breast reduction (gynaecomastia) surgery done?

Gynaecomastia or   Male Breast Reduction surgery is usually combined with liposuction of chest area to contour it evenly and aesthetically. Tumescent solution is injected into the breast and liposuction of the breast is done. Liposuction involves sucking out fatty tissue in liquid form by hollow metal tubes through small hidden holes. Liposuction alone is usually not successful in completely treating gynaecomastia because the hardened glands and fibrous tissues can not be sucked out. Therefore after liposuction removal of remaining tissues is done through a semicircular cut along the lower margin of the areola (the dark skin around the nipple). The complete removal of excess tissue is thus done, and skin lies flat on muscle. Stitches are self-absorbable. Excess skin in grade I and II gynaecomastia usually shrinks but in very large grade III gynecomastia treatment or male breast fat removal is required through extra incisions.  After that, a compressive vest is worn 24 hours a day for a month. The recovery time may be less or more depending on individual healing.

Why do male breasts (man boobs) happen?

Both male and female fetuses in uterus have breast buds. In the female, the breast glands grow under the influence of female hormones during puberty, pregnancy and breastfeeding. In males, breast gland remains underdeveloped because they have male hormones and very little female hormones. During puberty and development of secondary sexual characters, if the delicate balance of male and female hormones is disturbed male breast gland can grow and look like a female breast. Most times the blood hormone levels do not show this imbalance, and the problem is entirely due to breast glands being oversensitive to a normal level of hormones. That is why most men with gynaecomastia do not have any other symptom of feminization, and they are perfectly normal men, with just a cosmetic deformity of male breasts.

Are there different kinds of gynaecomastia?

“True gynaecomastia” is seen in men of normal weight. Here breast is composed of glands, tough fibrous tissue and some fat intermingled with each other. In “Pseudo gynaecomastia” which is found in obese people fat element is predominant. Gynaecomastia is classified into grade Ist to Grade IIIrd, depending on size, grade 3 being large and saggy breasts, literally indistinguishable from female breasts.

What are the causes of gynaecomastia (male breasts)?

In the majority of cases, there is no specific cause, and it is due to hypersensitivity of a breast to circulating female hormones (estrogen) during puberty. Hormonal analysis of blood usually is normal in these cases. Obesity and fat deposit in the breast also is a common situation nowadays. Obesity is also associated with relative estrogen excess. Physiological gynaecomastia can also occur in newborns and old age.

In a very small number of cases, gynaecomastia may be due to some specific cause like:

  • Usage of certain drugs like anabolic steroids, oestrogens (for the treatment of prostate cancer), long term usage of antacids like cimetidine and omeprazole, some drugs used for treating psychosis, spironolactone and finasteride (antiandrogens), imatinib.
  • Supplements used for body building containing anabolic steroids or performance enhancing substances containing hormone androstenedione.
  • Additives like alcohol or marijuana.
  • Some genetic conditions like Klinefelter’s syndrome.
  • Chronic liver disease, hyperthyroidism, adrenal tumours.
  • Diseases of testes of pituitary leading to a reduction in male hormones.

Are there any tests required to diagnose gynaecomastia?

If gynaecomastia is the only complaint, no other tests are required except routine tests done before surgery.

Is there any medical treatment for gynaecomastia?

Pubertal gynaecomastia usually spontaneously subsides by 18 years of age without any treatment. Otherwise, there are no medications for treating this condition. Plastic surgery can cure it permanently.

What is the right age for gynaecomastia surgery?

Surgery can be done at any age safely if gynaecomastia is causing psychological distress. If a person is comfortable with it, he can wait until the age of 18 because there is a chance it can regress by itself.

Does losing weight or exercising helps to cure gynaecomastia?

In the case of true gynaecomastia person is usually normal in weight, and breast enlargement is due to overgrowth of the gland, weight loss does not help. In other cases where there is some element of obesity weight loss affects the breasts size somewhat but does not usually cure it entirely. Exercising the pectorals may further highlight the breast gland.

Can gynaecomastia come back after surgery?

Surgery offers a permanent cure. The only exception being in some obese people where gynaecomastia was treated by liposuction. If they do not maintain weight fat can come back on a chest.

Can gynaecomastia be treated by liposuction alone?

Liposuction involves sucking out fatty tissue in liquid form by hollow metal tubes through small hidden holes. Liposuction alone is usually not successful in completely treating gynaecomastia because the tough glands and fibrous tissues can not be sucked out. Therefore after liposuction removal of remaining tissues through a small cut gives results. Occasionally liposuction alone may work in very soft and fatty breasts, but it is difficult to predict that beforehand. If after liposuction the chest is completely flat surgeon can decide to stop with liposuction alone.

What result can I expect after gynaecomastia surgery?

You can expect flat normal chest after surgery. If you have been going to the gym and not able to achieve pectoral muscle definition you can do so after surgery. Scars are minimal, to begin with and usually fade in a couple of months. If your gynaecomastia is very large (Grade IIIrd) then you can expect some additional scars.

Is it necessary to wear a compression garment after surgery?

Surgery is followed by swelling of the operated area usually. Compression garment helps in early reduction of swelling. It also helps in skin redraping in larger gynaecomastia. Garment provide the firm but elastic compression. It should be worn 24 hours a day except during bath, for one month. It helps to keep an extra garment for washing.

How many days should I take leave from my job for the surgery?

One week is the usual time. It can be less or more depending on the nature of your job.

I am from another city. How long do I need to stay in Hyderabad after surgery?

Two to three days stay after surgery is adequate usually.

How many days of hospital stay is required after a gynaecomastia surgery?

It is a day care surgery so you can leave the hospital 6 hours after surgery. Like any day care surgery, it is mandatory for you to have someone to take your place of stay with you for next 24 hours to reach the hospital in case of any need. People without any attendant may choose to stay in the hospital for 24 hours.

What care is needed after a gynaecomastia surgery?

Usually, there is small band-aid like dressing on the nipple area and vests worn over that. Next day after the check-up in the clinic you can have the bath. Subsequently every day after the bath you just need to apply antibiotic ointment and cover the nipple with sterile cotton pads (available in market ) and use compression garment to keep them in place. You will also need to take oral antibiotics and painkillers as advised by the doctor. After first week usually medicines and dressing are not required. Compression garment alone is continued 24 hours a day for next one month.

When is the healing complete after a gynaecomastia surgery?

Stitches are healed in 10 days. There is swelling, bruising and tenderness over the chest which goes down over next couple of weeks. Final results are appreciable after one month with some more improvement over next six months. Scars fade gradually over next one year.

Can the scars be prominent sometimes?

Scars behave differently in different people. Usually, they are inconspicuous but in some people with the tendency of forming bad scars can become hypertrophic or keloidal. If scars are looking red or itchy after one month, it is advised to consult your plastic surgeon immediately to treat them early.

What are the possible risks involved with gynaecomastia surgery?

Occasionally here can be numbness or lack of sensation that could last up to a year. Infrequent complications may include infection, nipple damage, fluid accumulation, bleeding, scarring or pigment changes. Postoperative asymmetry, while rare, is possible; a second procedure may be needed to remove additional tissue. Like any other surgery, small risk of anaesthesia should be borne in mind.

Can gynaecomastia surgery be done under local anaesthesia?

Yes, occasionally when gynaecomastia is small, local anaesthesia alone can be used.

Can gynaecomastia surgery be combined with other surgeries?

Gynaecomastia surgery is commonly combined with abdominal liposuction and facial surgeries like rhinoplasty.

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